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A fuzzy model of superelastic shape memory alloys for vibration control in civil engineering applications

 
Disciplina: Lógica Fuzzy (ELE2399)
Projeto: -
 
Link Original: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/16/3/031
 
Abstract
Two experimental test programs are conducted to collect data and simulate the dynamic behavior of CuAlBe shape memory alloy (SMA) wires. First, in order to evaluate the effect of temperature changes on superelastic SMA wires, a large number of cyclic, sinusoidal, tensile tests are performed at 1 Hz. These tests are conducted in a controlled environment at 0, 25 and 50 °C with three different strain amplitudes. Second, in order to assess the dynamic effects of the material, a series of laboratory experiments is conducted on a shake table with a scale model of a three-story structure that is stiffened with SMA wires. Data from these experiments are used to create fuzzy inference systems (FISs) that can predict hysteretic behavior of CuAlBe wire. Both fuzzy models employ a total of three input variables (strain, strain-rate, and temperature or pre-stress) and an output variable (predicted stress). Gaussian membership functions are used to fuzzify data for each of the input and output variables. Values of the initially assigned membership functions are adjusted using a neural-fuzzy procedure to more accurately predict the correct stress level in the wires. Results of the trained FISs are validated using test results from experimental records that had not been previously used in the training procedure. Finally, a set of numerical simulations is conducted to illustrate practical use of these wires in a civil engineering application. The results reveal the applicability for structural vibration control of pseudoelastic CuAlBe wire whose highly nonlinear behavior is modeled by a simple, accurate, and computationally efficient FIS.
 



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